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The Flora
of
Svalbard

Literature about the flora of Svalbard

If you are aware of any publication about Svalbards flora that is missing here, we would appreciate if you let us know.

Aanes, R., Sæther, B.-E. & Øritsland, N. A. 2000. Fluctuations of an introduced population of Svalbard reindeer: the effects of density dependence and climatic variation. Ecogeography 23: 437-443.

Aanes, R., Sæther, B.-E., Smith, F. M., Cooper, E. J., Wookey, P. A. & Øritsland, N. A. 2002. The Arctic Oscillation predicts effects of climate change in two levels in a high-arctic ecosystem. Ecology Letters 5: 445-453.

Aanes, R., Sæther, B-E. Smith, F.M., Cooper, E.J., Wookey, P.A. & Øritsland, N.A., 2002. The Arctic Oscillation predicts effects of climate change in two trophic levels in a High Arctic ecosystem. Ecology Letters 5: 445-453.

Abbott, R. J. & et al. 1995. Molecular diversity and derivation of populations of Silene acaulis and Saxifraga oppositifolia from the high Arctic and more southerly latitudes. Molecular Ecology 4: 199-207.

Acock, A. M. 1940. Vegetation of a calcareous inner fjord region in Spitsbergen. Journal of Ecology 28: 81-106.

Alsos, I. G. The relationship between nest site, diet and behaviour in Barnacle Geese, Branta leucopsis, in Kongsfjorden, Svalbard. 1995. Tromsø, University of Tromsø.

Alsos, I. G., Norberg, M.-B. & Nilsen, L. Oljeforurensing i Svea - oppfølging av botaniske undersøkelser seks år etter en simulert oljeulykke. 1996. Norsk Hydro A/S.

Alsos,I. G., Eidesen, P. B., Ehrich, D., Skrede, I., Westergaard, K., Jacobsen, G. H., Landvik, J. Y., Taberlet, P. and Brochmann, C. 2007. Frequent Long-Distance Plant Colonization in the Changing Arctic. Science 316: 1606-1609.

Alsos,I. G., Engelskjøn, T. and Spjelkavik, S. 2003. Seed bank size and composition of Betula nana, Vaccinium uliginosum, and Campanula rotundifolia habitats in Svalbard and northern Norway. Canadian Journal of Botany 81: 220–231.

Alsos,I. G., Engelskjøn, T. and Brochmann, C. 2002. Conservation genetics and population history of Betula nana,Vaccinium uliginosum, and Campanula rotundifolia in the arctic archipelago of Svalbard. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 34: 408–418.

Alsos,I. G. 2003. Conservation biology of the most thermophilous plant species in the Arctic. Genetic variation, recruitment and phylogeography in a changing climate. Dr. scient. thesis in botany. University of Tromsø. 

Anundsen, I. W., Birkemo, T., Nilsen, L., Sickel, H. & Sømme, L. Prosjektoppgaver Bio 390. Sammenlignende undersøkelse av reinens beiteeffekt på jordbunns-faunaen. 1993. Oslo, Universitetet i Oslo.

Arnell, S. & Mårtensson, O. A contribution to the knowledge of the bryophyte flora of W.Spitsbergen, and Kongsfjorden (King's Bay, 79° N) in particular. 1959. Uppsala, Almqvist & Wiksells Boktryckeri AB. Arkiv för Botanik.

Baddeley, J. A., Woodin, S. J. & Alexander, I. J. Differential responses of arctic dwarf shrubs to increased nitrogen and phosphorus availability.

Callaghan, T. V. et al. Global change and Arctic terrestrial ecosystems. Ecosystem research report 10, 133-147. 1995. Luxembourg, European Commission.

Bakker, C. & Loonen, M. J. J. E. The influence of goose grazing on the growth of Poa arctica: overestimation of overcompensation. Oikos. 82[3], 459-466. 1998.

Beck, P. S. A., Kalmbach, E., Joly, D., Stien, A. & Nilsen, L. 2005. Modelling local distribution of an arctic dwarf shrub indicates an important role for remote sensing of snow cover. Remote Sensing of Environment 98: 110-121.

Beine, H. J. A. S. M. A. M. G. V. A. 2001. The local wind field at Ny-Ålesund and the Zeppelin mountain at Svalbard. Meteroloy and Atmospheric Physics 78: 107-113.

Bekku, Y. S. T. N. A. K. H. K. 2004. Soil Microbial Biomass, Respiration Rate, and Temperature Dependence on a Succesional Glacier Foreland in Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 36: 395-399.

Bengtson, S.-A., Mehlum, F. & Severinsen, T. Svalbardtundraens økologi. 1999. Tromsø, Norsk Polarinstitutt. Meddelelser nr. 150.

Bennike, O. Early Holocene terrestrial plants and animal from Edgeøya, eastern Svalbard. LUNDQUA 35, 139-144. 1992.

Berge, T. W. Use of AVHRR NDVI data to map phytogeographical zones and phytomass on Svalbard. 1998. Tromsø, University of Tromsø.

Berggren, S. Musci et Hepaticæ Spitsbergenses. Konglega Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar. 1874. Stockholm, P.A.Norstedt & Söner.

Berthoz, E. & Brossard, T. Svalbard landscapes from space and ground level: Cross-correlation and mutual enrichment. Photo-Interprétation N° . 3[4], 113-122. 1991-1992.

Birks, H. H. 1991. Holocene vegetation history and climatic change in west Spitsbergen - plant macrofossils from Skardtjørna, an Arctic lake. The Holocene 1: 209-218.

Birks, H. H., Paus, A., Svendsen, J. I., Alm, T., Mangerud, J. & Landvik, J. Y. 1994. Late Weichselian environmental change in Norway, including Svalbard. Journal of Quaternary Science 9: 133-145.

Bjerke, J. W., Joly, D., Nilsen, L. & Brossard, T. 2004. Spatial trends in usnic acid concentrations of the lichen Flavocetraria nivalis along local climatic gradients in the Arctic (Kongsfjorden, Svalbard). Polar Biology 27: 409-417.

Borgen, L. & Elven, R. 1983. Chromosome number of flowering plants froom northern Norway and Svalbard. Nordic Journal of Botany 3: 301-306.

Boyd, A. 2000. Paleogene paleoclimate of the North Atlantic Arctic as determined by vegetation. GFF 122: 33.

Brandshaug, R. Deschampsia-mark på Svalbard: en vegetasjonsøkologisk undersøkelse på Lågnesflya og Brøggerhalvøya. 1982. Trondheim, University of Trondheim.

Brattbakk, I. 1985. Flora og vegetasjon. In: Öritsland, N. A. (ed.) Svalbardreinen og dens livsgrunnlag, pp. 15-34. MAB i Norge, Svalbard prosjektet, Oslo.

Brattbakk, I. Lavrik morenevegetasjon på Brøggerhalvøya, Svalbard. Baadsvik, K. and Rønning, O. I. Fagmøte i vegetasjonsøkologi på Kongsvoll 7.-8.3. 1983. 1983. Trondheim, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab, Museet. University of Trondheim.

Brattbakk, I. Strandeng på Svalbard. 1979. Trondheim, University of Trondheim.

Brattbakk, I. Strandeng på Svalbard. Baadsvik, K., Klokk, T., and Rønning, O. I. Fagmøte i vegetasjonsøkologi på Kongsvoll 1981. 1981. Trondheim, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab, Museet. University of Trondheim.

Brattbakk, I. Svalbards vegetasjon. Baadsvik, K., Klokk, T., and Rønning, O. I. Fagmøte i vegetasjonsøkologi på Kongsvoll 16.-18.3. 1980. 1983. Trondheim, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab, Museet. University of Trondheim.

Vegetasjonskart. Brattbakk, I. 1981. Trondheim, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskap, Museet Botanisk Avdeling Trondheim.

Breistein, J. Regvegetering i tre vegetasjonstyper etter menneskelig aktivitet på Brøggerhalvøya, Svalbard: forsøk med gjødsling som restaureringsmetode. 1994. Trondheim, University of Trondheim.

Brochmann, C., Brysting, A. K., Alsos, I. G., Borgen, L., Grundt, H. H., Scheen, A.-C., & Elven, R. (2004). Polyploidy in arctic plants. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 82: 521-536. 

Brooker, R. & van der Wal, R. 2003. Can soil temperature direct the composition of high arctic plant communities? Journal of Vegetation Science 14: 535-542.

Brosø, B. Phytogeographically based mapping of local temperatures in several separate areas on Svalbard. 1997. Tromsø, University of Tromsø.

Brossard, T., Deruelle, S., Nimis, P. L. & Petit, P. 1984. An interdiciplinary approach to vegetation mapping on lichen-dominated systems in high-arctic environment, Ny-Ålesund (Svalbard). Phytocoenologia 12: 433-453.

Brossard, T., Elvebakk, A., Joly, D. & Nilsen, L. 2002. Modelling index of thermophily by means of a multi-source database on Brøggerhalvøya peninsula (Svalbard). Int. J. Remote Sensing 23: 4683-4698.

Brossard, T. & Joly, D. 1994. Probability models, remote sensing and field observation: test for mapping some plant distributions in the Kongsfjord area, Svalbard. Polar Research 13: 153-161.

Brysting, A. K., Gabrielsen, T. M., Sørlibråten, O., Ytrehorn, O. & Brochmann, C. 1996. The Purple Saxifrage, Saxifraga oppositifolia, in Svalbard: Two taxa or one? Polar Research 15: 93-105.

Brzoska, W. 1976. Produktivität und energiegehalte von gefäßpflanzen im Adventdalen (Spitzbergen). Oecologia 22: 387-398.

Callaghan, T. V. et al. Global change and Arctic terrestrial ecosystems. Ecosystem research report 10, 133-147. 1995. Luxembourg, European Commission.

Cooper, E. J., Alsos, I. G., Hagen, D., Smith, F. M., Coulson, S. J., and Hodkinson, I. D. 2004. Recruitment in the Arctic: diversity and importance of the seed bank. Journal of Vegetation Science 15: 115–124.

Cooper, A. & Loftus, M. 1998. The application of multivariate land classification to vegetation survey in the Wicklow Mountains, Ireland. Plant Ecology 135: 229-241.

Cooper, A. Plant Species Coexistence in Cliff Habitats. Journal of Biogeography 24[4], 483-494. 1997.

Cooper, E. J. A. I. G. H. D. S. F. C. S. J. H. I. D. 2004. Plant recruitment in the High Arctic: Seed bank and seed emergence on Svalbard. Journal of Vegetation Science 15.

Cooper, E. J. W. P. A. 2001. Field Measurements of the Growth Rates of Forage Lichens, and the Implications of Grazing by Svalbard Reindeer. Symbiosis 31: 173-186.

Cooper, E. J. W. P. A. 2003. Floral Herbivory of Dryas octopetala by Svalbard Reindeer. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 35: 369-376.

Cooper, E.J., 2006. Reindeer grazing reduces seed and propagule bank in the High Arctic. Can. J. Bot. 84 (11): 1740-1752.

Cooper, E.J., Jónsdóttir, I.S. & Pahud, A., 2006. Grazing by captive Barnacle geese affects graminoid growth and productivity on Svalbard. Memoirs of NIPR (Japanese Polar Research) No.59, p 1-15.

Cooper, E.J., 2004. Out of sight, out of mind: thermal acclimation of root respiration in arctic Ranunculus. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 36 (3) 307-312.

Cooper, E.J., Alsos, I.G., Hagen, D., Smith, F.M., Coulson S.J. & Hodkinson, I.D., 2004. Plant recruitment in the High Arctic: seed bank and seedling emergence on Svalbard. Journal of Vegetation Science 15 (1): 115-124.

Cooper, E.J. & Wookey, P.A., 2003. Floral herbivory of Dryas octopetala by Svalbard reindeer. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 35 (3): 369-376.

Cooper, E.J. & Wookey, P.A., 2001. Field measurements of the growth rates of forage lichens and the implications of grazing by Svalbard reindeer. Symbiosis 31:173-186.

Cooper, E.J., Smith, F.M. & Wookey, P.A., 2001. Increased rainfall ameliorates the negative effect of trampling on the growth of High Arctic forage lichens. Symbiosis 31:153-171.

Cooper, E.J., 1996. An ecophysiological investigation of some species of Arctic and temperate Ranunculus L. with respect to climate warming.  Responses of above- and below- ground growth and carbon dioxide exchange to season and temperature. Ph.D Thesis, University of Bradford, UK, 283 pp.  

Cooper, E.J. & Hübner, C. 2004. Goose Grazing and Climate Change Impacts on Svalbard’s Tundra. UNIS Annual Report 2003. UNIS, Longyearbyen: pp 22-23.

Cooper, E.J., Jónsdóttir I.S., Chaput, D., Kuijper, D., Loonen, M., Pahud, A., Sjögersten, S., Ubels, R., van der Wal, R., Woodin, S., Huiskes, A., 2004. Climate Change and Goose Grazing on Svalbard’s Tundra. In: The ACIA International Scientific Symposium on Climate Change in the Arctic: Extended Abstracts. Reykjavik, 9-12 November 2004. AMAP report 2004:4. ISBN 82-7971-041-8. Oral session 4, paper 2 p 1-3.

Cooper, E.J. 2003. Out of sight, out of mind: what happens belowground when the arctic warms? In Ørbæk, J.B.(ed.) Proceedings of the Conference: Arctic-Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment, 24 Feb-1 March 2003, Polar Environmental Centre, Tromsø, Norway. Norwegian Polar Institute, 206 pp: 93.

Cooper, E.J. 2003. Effects of changes in winter climate on the interactions between plants and herbivores in the Arctic. In Arctic-Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment, 24 Feb-1 March 2003, Polar Environmental Centre, Tromsø, Norway. Norwegian Polar Institute, 206 pp: 92.

Cooper, E.J. 2002. Reindeer and Rainfall: effects on lichen growth on Svalbard. In Cho, D.-S.(ed.) Proceedings of the VIII INTECOL International Congress of Ecology, 'Ecology in a changing world', August 11-18, 2002, Seoul, Korea. VIII INTECOL Congress Committees, 307 pp: 50.

Cooper, E.J. 2002.  Does reindeer floral herbivory affect the germinable seedbank on Svalbard? In Cho, D.-S.(ed.) Proceedings of the VIII INTECOL International Congress of Ecology, 'Ecology in a changing world', August 11-18, 2002, Seoul, Korea. VIII INTECOL Congress Committees, 307 pp: 50-51.

Cooper, E.J., Alsos, I. G., Hagen, D., Smith, F. M., Coulson, S. & Hodkinson, I. 2002. Reproduction by seeds in Svalbard. In Cho, D.-S.(ed.) Proceedings of the VIII INTECOL International Congress of Ecology, 'Ecology in a changing world', August 11-18, 2002, Seoul, Korea. VIII INTECOL Congress Committees, 307 pp: 51. 

Cooper, E.J., Perander, H. & Wookey, P.A., 1999. Productivity and demography of reindeer forage plants in Svalbard. Rangifer 4:59.

Cooper, E.J. & Headley, A., 1995.  Acclimation of Arctic Ranunculus species to increased temperatures.  Journal of Experimental Botany 46:68

Cooper, E.J., Sander, G., Kirchhefer, A.J., Ørbæk, J.B., 2003. Meta database of climatic data and biological measurements at the ENVINET sites. European Network for Arctic-Alpine Multidisciplinary Environmental Research Technical task: pp 1-95. 

http://envinet.npolar.no/dok/TT%20final%20EC2.pdf

Cornelissen, J.H.C., … Cooper, E.J., et al (49 authors), 2007. Global negative vegetation feedback to climate warming responses of leaf litter decomposition rates in cold biomes. Ecology Letters 10(7):619-27

Coulson, S. & et al. 1993. Simulated climate change: the interaction between vegetation type and microhabitat temperatures at Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard. Polar Biology 13: 67-70.

Crawford, R. M. M. 1997. Habitat fragility as an aid to long-term survival in arctic vegetation. In: Woodin, S. J. & Marquiss, M. (eds.) Ecology of arctic environments, pp. 113-136. Blacwell Science Ltd., Cambridge.

Crawford, R. M. M. & Chapman, H. M. Climatic change and species polymorphism in the Arctic.

Callaghan, T. V. et al. Global change and Arctic terrestrial ecosystems. Ecosystem research report 10, 115-121. 1995. Luxembourg, European Commission.

Crawford, R. M. M., Chapman, H. M., Abbott, R. J. & Balfour, J. 1993. Potential impact of climatic warming on Arctic vegetation. Flora 188: 367-381.

Crawford, R. M. M., Chapman, H. M. & Smith, L. C. 1995. Adaption to variation in growing season length in arctic population of Saxifraga oppositifolia L. Bot.J.Scotl. 47: 177-192.

Crawford, R. M. M. & Smith, L. C. 1997. Responses of some high Arctic shore plants to variable lengths of growing season. Opera Botanica 132: 201-214.

Dahl, E. On the vascular plants of eastern Svalbard. Skrifter om Svalbard og Ishavet. [75], 1-50. 1937. Oslo, Norges Svalbard- og Ishavs-undersøkelser.

Dahl, E. 1937. On the vascular plants of eastern Svalbard chiefly based on material brought home from the "Heimland" expedition 1936. I kommisjon hos Jacob Dybwad, Oslo.

Dahle, O. Snøleiepreget vegetasjon på Reinsdyrflya, Svalbard. Baadsvik, K. and Rønning, O. I. Fagmøte i vegetasjonsøkologi på Kongsvoll 7.-8.3. 1983. 1983. Trondheim, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab, Museet. University of Trondheim.

Dobbs, C. G. 1939. The vegetation of Cape Napier, Spitsbergen. Journal of Ecology XXVII: 126-148.

Dormann, C. F. 2002. Optimal anti-herbivore defence allocation in Salix polaris: doing it the arctic way. Phytocoenologia 32: 517-529.

Drbal, K., Elster, J. & Komárek, J. 1992. Heavy metals in water, ice and biological material from Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Polar Research 11: 99-101.

Dubiel, E. Distribution of vascular plants in Sørkapp Land (Spitsbergen). Polar Symposium. Man impact on polar environment. 135-140. 1993. Lublin, University Marii Curie Sklodowskiej.

Dubiel, E. 1991. Ecological observations on vascular plants in the NW Sörkapp Land (Spitsbergen). Prace Botaniczne - Zeszyt 22, pp. 39-45. Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellonskiego.

Dubiel, E. 1991. Geobotanical problems of NW Sörkapp land (Spitsbergen). Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellonskiego, Prace Botaniczne 21: 35-74.

Dubiel, E. & Olech, M. 1992. Ornithocoprophilous plant communities on the southern slope of Ariekammen (Hornsund region, Spitsbergen). In: Opalinski, K. W. & Klekowski, R. Z. (eds.) Landscape, life world and man in high Arctic, pp. 167-175. Institute of Ecology, Polish Academy of Science, Warszawa.

Dubiel, E. & Olech, M. 1991. Phytososiological map of NW Sörkapp Land (Spitsbergen). Prace Botaniczne - Zeszyt 22, pp. 47-54. Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellonskiego.

Dubiel, E. & Olech, M. 1990. Plant communities of NW Sörkapp Land (Spitsbergen). Prace Botaniczne - Zeszyt 21, pp. 35-73. Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellonskiego.

Dubiel, E. & Olech, M. Polish botanical studies on Spitsbergen - Achievements and prospects. Zalewski, S. M. XXI Polar Symposium. 235-241. 1994. Institute of Geophysics of Polish Academy of Science.

Dubiel, E. & Olech, M. Vegetation map of the NW part of Sörkappland (Spitsbergen). Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellonskiego. Prace Geografiezne DCCLVI[63], 57-68. 1985.

Dubiel, E. & Ziaja, W. 1993. Contribution to the vascular plant flora of Sörkapp land (Spitsbergen). Polish Bot. Stud. 5: 49-51.

Dziadowiec, H. Decomposition of plant materials under conditions of Spitsbergen tundra. Zalewski, S. M. XXI Polar Symposium. 243-246. Institute of Geophysics of Polish Academy of Science.

Eberle, J. & Thannheiser, D. 1995. Rezente permafrostdegradierung: Auswirkungen auf böden und vegetation in Nordwestspitzbergen (Liefde- und Bockfjord). Die Erde 126: 19-33.

Eberle, J., Thannheiser, D. & Weber, L. 1993. Untersuchungenzur bodenbildung und vegetation auf basaltischen ausgangssubstraten in einem hocharktischen geoökosystem (Bockfjord/ Nordwestspitzbergen). Norden 9: 1-29.

Elton, C. S. & Summerhayes, V. S. 1928. Further contributions to the ecology of Spitsbergen. Journal of Ecology 16: 193-268.

Elvebakk, A. Biogeographical zones of Svalbard and adjacent areas based on botanical criteria. 1989. Tromsø, University of Tromsø.

Elvebakk, A. 1984. Contribution to the lichen flora and ecology of Svalbard, arctic Norway. The Bryologist 87: 308-313.

Elvebakk, A. 1982. Geological preferences among Svalbard plants. Inter-Nord 11-31.

Elvebakk, A. 1985. Higher phytosociological syntaxa on Svalbard and their use in subdivision of the Arctic. Nordic Journal of Botany 5: 273-284.

Elvebakk, A. Indikerer torvakkumulering myrdannelse i Arktis? Baadsvik, K., Klokk, T., and Rønning, O. I. Fagmøte i vegetasjonsøkologi på Kongsvoll 1981. 1981. Trondheim, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab, Museet. University of Trondheim.

Elvebakk, A. Plantesosiologi og -fenologi i eit arktisk område, Stuphallet, Brøggerhalvøya, Svalbard. 1979. Trondheim, University of Trondheim.

Elvebakk, A. Registrering av skader etter seismikkskyting i Sassendalen, Svalbard. Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani A/S. 1988. Tromsø, Rapport til Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompani A/S.

Elvebakk, A. 1997. Tundra diversity and ecological characteristics of Svalbard. In: Wielgolaski, F. E. (ed.) Ecosystem of the world 3, pp. 347-359. Elsevier, Amsterdam/Lausanne/N.Y./Oxford/Shannon/Singapore/Tokyo.

Elvebakk, A. Utskiljing av fattig og rik vegetasjon i vestlege delar av Spitsbergen, Svalbard. Baadsvik, K., Klokk, T., and Rønning, O. I. Fagmøte i vegetasjonsøkologi på Kongsvoll 16.-18.3. 1980. 1980. Trondheim, Det Kongelige Norske Videnskabers Selskab, Museet. University of Trondheim.

Elvebakk, A. 1984. Vegetation pattern and ecology of siliceous boulder snow beds on Svalbard. Polarforschung 54: 9-20.

Elvebakk, A. Verknader av klimaendringar på terrestrisk flora og vegetasjon. Virkninger av klimaendringer i polarområdene. Bidrag til den Interdepartementale klimautredningen. 1990. Oslo, Norsk Polarinstitutt. Rapportserie.

Elvebakk, A. & Hertel, H. 1996. Part 6. Lichens. In: Elvebakk, A. & Prestrud, P. (eds.) A catalogue of Svalbard plants, fungi, algae and cyanobacteria, pp. 271-359. Norwegian Polar Institute, Oslo.

Elvebakk, A. & Prestrud, P. A catalogue of Svalbard plants, fungi, algae and cyanobacteria. 1996. Oslo, Norwegian Polar Institute. Skrifter.

Elvebakk, A. & Spjelkavik, S. 1995. The ecology and distribution of Empetrum nigrum ssp. hermaphroditum on Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Nordic Journal of Botany 15: 541-552.

Elvebakk, A., Spjelkavik, S., Eriksen, M.-B. & Nilsen, L. Vegetasjonsskader i forbindelse med oljeboring i Reindalspasset vinteren 1990. 1991. Tromsø, University of Tromsø, IBG.

Elven, R. & Elvebakk, A. 1996. Part 1. Vascular plants. In: Elvebakk, A. & Prestrud, P. (eds.) A catalogue of Svalbard plants, fungi, algae and cyanobacteria, pp. 9-55. Norwegian Polar Institute, Oslo.

Engelskjøn, T. 1986. Eco-geographical relations of the Bjørnøya vascular flora, Svalbard. Polar Research 5: 79-127.

Engelskjøn, T., Lund, L. and Alsos, I. G. 2003. Twenty warmth-demanding vascular plant species in Svalbard and their conservational state. Polar Research 22: 317–339.

Eriksen, M.-B., Nilsen, L. & Elvebakk, A. Planteoverleving og -kolonisering i forbindelse med oljespillforsøk ved Sveagruva, Svalbard. 1991. Tromsø, University of Tromsø, IBG.

Eriksen, M.-B., Nilsen, L. & Elvebakk, A. Planteoverleving og -kolonisering i samband med oljespillforsøk i Svea. 1990. Tromsø, University of Tromsø, IBG.

Eurola, S. 1968. Über die fjeldheidevegetation in den gebieten von Isfjorden und Hornsund in Westspitzbergen. Aquilo, Ser. Botanica 7: 1-56.

Eurola, S. & Hakala, A. V. K. 1977. The bird cliff vegetation of Svalbard. Aquilo Ser.Bot. 15: 1-18.

Fischer, Z. Bioenergetical description of selected tundra soils in Hornsund, Svalbard. Polish Polar Research. 16[3-4], 213-232. 1995.

Frisvoll, A. A. & Elvebakk, A. 1996. Part 2. Bryophytes. In: Elvebakk, A. & Prestrud, P. (eds.) A catalogue of Svalbard plants, fungi, algae and cyanobacteria, pp. 57-172. Norwegian Polar Institute, Oslo.

Funder, S. & Abrahamsen, N. 1988. Palynology in a polar desert, eastern North Greenland. Boreas 17: 195-207.

Gabrielsen, T. M., Bachmann, K., Jacobsen, K. S. & Brochmann, C. 1997. Glacial survival does not matter: RAPD phylogeography of Nordic Saxifraga oppositifolia. Molecular Ecology 6: 831-842.

Gabrielsen, T. M. & Brochmann, C. 1998. Sex after all: high levels of diversity detected in the arctic clonal plant Saxifraga cernua using RAPD markers. Molecular Ecology 7: 1701-1708.

Gillespie, M.A., Hodkinson, I.D., Cooper, E.J., Bird, J.M. & Jónsdóttir, I.S., 2007. Extreme adaptive life cycle of Acyrthosiphon calvulus (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Spitsbergen. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata Published article online: 21-Mar-2007. doi: 10.1111/j.1570-7458.2007.00547.x

Gjærevoll, O. & Rønning, O. I. 1989. Flowers of Svalbard . Tapir, Trondheim.

Godzik, B. 1991. Heavy metals and macroelements in the tundra of southern Spitsbergen: the effect of little auk (Alle alle(L.)) colonies. Polar Research 9: 121-131.

Golovneva, L. B. 2000. Palaeogene climates of Spitsbergen. GFF 122: 62-63.

Grodzinska, K. & Godzik, B. 1991. Heavy metal and sulphur in mosses from southern Spitsbergen. Polar Research 9: 133-140.

Hadac, E. The plant communities of Sassen Quarter, Vestspitsbergen. Studia Botanica Cechica. 7, 127-164. 1946.

Hadac, E. 1947. Strandplanter og landhevning på Svalbard. Blyttia 5: 67-70.

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